Initial formative research in the GEAS was completed between 2014 and 2016.

This work consisted of mixed-methods research to collect qualitative data and develop and test cross-cultural quantitative survey instruments. Research activities included:

  • In-depth interviews with adolescents and caregivers were to develop a narrative revealing the ways young people navigate the social boundaries of gender norms and how these norms inform their emerging behavior and health as they enter adolescence

  • Group timeline activities that illustrate adolescents’ perspectives of milestones during this period and comparisons between boys and girls

  • A three-day vignettes workshop to generate scenario to be used in the vignettes-based measures of gender equality

  • Cross-cultural piloting and validation of the GEAS survey


-Sample Size
-Study design
-Cities enrolling
-Site status